Astaroth was a mighty demon prince of the Infinite Layers of the Abyss,[6][4][1][2][3] His title was Diabolus and he was concerned with matters of prophecy.[1][2] After his death, "Astaroth" became an alias for the arch-devil turned god Gargauth,[7] while the original Astaroth became a vestige.[2]


Some time in ancient history, Astaroth—even then a very powerful demon lord—volunteered to fight beside the Queen of Chaos against the Wind Dukes of Aaqa, but she rejected him.[2]

Early in the Blood War, Astaroth infiltrated the ranks of the devils, even achieving the post of Treasurer of Hell. His espionage grievously sabotaged the devils' war effort, stopping them from winning any decisive victory against the demon hordes.[2] For this, he earned the name "Diabolus".[2][3] Reputedly, his power was second only to the Great Devil Asmodeus himself, and he posed the biggest threat to his reign—theoretically, with Astaroth's backing, archdevils like Baalzebul, Mephistopheles, or even Geryon might depose Asmodeus.[8]

Finally, however, the arch-devil Gargauth discovered Astaroth's true nature and exposed him. Astaroth escaped Asmodeus's rage and retreated to his dwelling place in the Abyss. Gargauth became Treasurer of Hell himself.[2][3] Meanwhile, to mortals, Astaroth remained a figure of mystery, a subject of stories but not confirmed to even exist. He was thought to dwell outside the Hells and its leadership, to pursue his own plans whilst working alone. The only thing known for certain was that Astaroth was not an acknowledge power in the Hells.[8]

To guard against the revenge of the Lords of the Nine Hells, Astaroth laid plans.[2] He made a bargain with fellow demon lord Ahazu that, in the event of his death, his body would be imprisoned in the Wells of Darkness in the Abyss, in order that he might be resurrected.[3] He also used his prophetic powers to establish cults devoted to him among mortals on uncounted worlds. His aim was no less than to ascend as a god. He even succeeded, after a fashion, but it was not enough to escape the Hells' vengeance.[2] Nor did his prophecy warn him of his doom.[3] In the end, Astaroth was killed in terrific battle by Gargauth during his own wanderings as an exile of the Nine Hells, at the command of Asmodeus.[9][7][2][3] The Abyss itself tried to resurrect Astaroth in his assigned pit in the Wells of Darkness, but Gargauth ignited permanent hell-fire there, so Astaroth's body constantly burned even as it reformed.[3]

Thereafter, Astaroth was presumed deceased, at least to other fiends.[1] Nevertheless, not dead but not living, some essence of Astaroth lingered in the form of a vestige, only reachable by pact magic.[2] It was even whispered that the demon lord remained alive but sleeping, within a temple dedicated to him on Toril. This account went on to warn that Astaroth still sought to "poison the words" of those who entered imprudently.[5]

Meanwhile, Gargauth took Astaroth's name as his alias and stole the worship of his few surviving cultists on Toril, thus receiving his first taste of godhood. He maintained these cults in Astaroth's name.[7][2][3]

In the mid–14th century DR, a cadre of demon-spawned tieflings arose in the former lands of Narfell. Naming themselves the Scions of Astaroth, or "Astarothans", after the long-dead demon lord, they viewed Faerûn as another front in the Blood War. Ironically, they set themselves against the Knights of the Shield, a group that unwittingly served Gargauth.[9]

Hush! Know that we walk in the ruins of the temple of Astaroth, a demon lord of the Abyss. It is said that the demon sleeps here still, seeking to poison the words of those who wander in. Luckily, I know just the spells to ensure that he remains asleep...
— Meraera of the Olin Gisiae[5]

Circa 1374 DR, an Olin Gisir of the North named Meraera and her party explored the ruins of the temple to Astaroth.[note 1] Meraera warned her companions to be silent, and claimed to be prepared with just the spells to keep Astaroth in his slumber.[5]


More than other demons, Astaroth had a deep, undying hatred of devils and sought vengeance against them.[2]


Astaroth had a gift for prophecy.[2]


Though he ruled no abyssal layer of his own,[1] Astaroth dwelled in a layer filled with steam and floating chunks of burning stone.[2]


Helanna Darkstorm, a leader of the Knights of the Shield around 1370 DR, was once a consort of Astaroth.[10]


A wielder of pact magic like a binder could summon the vestige of Astaroth and gain powers thereby. His seal had to be drawn on stone that had recently been burned then doused with cold water. He manifested in a cloud of steam from the seal, condensing into the visage of a handsome human with draconic and feather wings, with flicking serpentine tongue. He appeared nervous. His body was forever being slowly consumed by hellfire.[2]

A binder who bound and made a pact with Astaroth exuded a stink of brimstone and their eyes were covered by a cloudy film. In manner, they became morose and fatalistic, thanks to a vague but unshakeable feeling of impending doom. Astaroth demanded they attack devils whenever the opportunity occurred. In return, Astaroth bestowed several powers. One was to see into the future, as with the divination spell. Another was the ability to pass among fiends of all kinds, with skill in deceit and disguise. The binder could also wound creatures that could only be harmed by silver, like many devils. Finally, they could burn with black Abyssal flame: all magical flame they produced turned vile, and the binder could hurl a fireball of this kind thrice a day.[2]

The False AstarothEdit

After slaying the demon lord, Gargauth used "Astaroth" as an alias for his misdeeds.[7] For example, in the dwarven legend titled "The Legacy of Astaroth", Gargauth adopted the guise of a dwarf minstrel named Astaroth to corrupt a hall of greedy dwarves and lead them to their doom.[11] Gargauth provided the spell Astaroth's augmentation to priests of other gods who unwisely called upon him.[10] Similarly, sages occasionally misnamed Gargauth as "Astaroth".[6]



Astaroth is based on the Astaroth of real-world medieval demonology, upon which the pact magic of the 3.5-edition Tome of Magic is closely based.

An archdevil Astaroth for D&D was first detailed in "The Politics of Hell" in Dragon #28 (1979), which connected D&D's devils and the Nine Hells to Judeo-Christian faith and the same medieval demonology. However, perhaps for that reason, this lore has since been retconned in later revisions, and author Alexander von Thorn himself declares it non-canon. Therefore, this source is neglected for this article.

Nevertheless, this archdevil Astaroth was mentioned by Ed Greenwood in his "The Nine Hells" in Dragon #75 (1983), with reference to "The Politics of Hell". Meanwhile, a demon Astaroth appeared again as just a name in a list of high-ranking demons in the 1st-edition Monster Manual II (1983), and Greenwood followed suit in "Nine Hells Revisited" in #91 (1984), naming Astaroth a demon prince. Later Realms sources then established Astaroth as a demon prince who had been slain and replaced by Gargauth.

However, for a third or fourth Astaroth, the "Urban Magic" Web Enhancement for Cityscape presents a fallen angel turned vestige for pact magic named Astaroth the Unjustly Fallen. However, this Astaroth never became a fiend, had no apparent interest in prophecy, and died at mortal hands, so it is unlikely to be the same entity as the demon lord Astaroth. (There is also no evidence for Astaroth the Unjustly Fallen existing in the Realms, except in hypothetical vestige form for use by binders.)

This was confirmed in the "Savage Tidings: Gazing into the Abyss" article in Dragon #357, which introduces a second vestige named Astaroth and expands the story of the original demon lord. This also finally explained the reason for the change from devil to demon.


  1. It is unclear if the temple to Astaroth was found within ruins of the elven realm of Siluvanede, which Meraera was also said to be exploring, though this is likely given her interests and that realm's history.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Ed Stark, James Jacobs, Erik Mona (June 13, 2006). Fiendish Codex I: Hordes of the Abyss. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 155. ISBN 0-7869-3919-2.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 Eric L. Boyd (July 2007). “Savage Tidings: Gazing into the Abyss”. In Erik Mona ed. Dragon #357 (Paizo Publishing, LLC), p. 68.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Eric L. Boyd (July 2007). “Wells of Darkness”. In James Jacobs ed. Dungeon #148 (Paizo Publishing, LLC), pp. 64, 66.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Gary Gygax (August 1983). Monster Manual II 1st edition. (TSR, Inc), p. 35. ISBN 0-88038-031-4.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Richard Baker, Ed Bonny, Travis Stout (February 2005). Lost Empires of Faerûn. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 21. ISBN 0-7869-3654-1.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Ed Greenwood (November 1984). “Nine Hells revisited”. In Kim Mohan ed. Dragon #91 (TSR, Inc.), p. 30.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Eric L. Boyd (1997). Powers and Pantheons. (TSR, Inc), p. 22. ISBN 0-7869-0657-X.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Ed Greenwood (July 1983). “The Nine Hells, Part I”. In Kim Mohan ed. Dragon #75 (TSR, Inc.), p. 19.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Steven E. Schend, Sean K. Reynolds and Eric L. Boyd (June 2000). Cloak & Dagger. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 79. ISBN 0-7869-1627-3.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Eric L. Boyd (1997). Powers and Pantheons. (TSR, Inc), p. 25. ISBN 0-7869-0657-X.
  11. Eric L. Boyd (1997). Powers and Pantheons. (TSR, Inc), p. 24. ISBN 0-7869-0657-X.
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