The spell created duplicates of the caster. The duplicates appeared within a 10-foot (3-meter) radius from the caster and maintained the ability, equipment and personality of the caster. The spell was unable to duplicate memorized spells or magical items carried by the wu jen. The duplicates obeyed the caster and would co-operate with each other. They suffered damage and vanished when slain. When a duplicate was killed, the caster felt pain and took damage. The duplicates were indistinguishable from the wu jen, and spells such as true seeing would be unable to distinguish a duplicate from the caster. When the spell expired, the duplicates vanished.
- James Wyatt (October 2001). Oriental Adventures (3rd edition). (Wizards of the Coast), p. 98. ISBN 0-7869-2015-7.
- Mark Middleton et al (November 1996). Wizard's Spell Compendium Volume One. (TSR, Inc), pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-0786904365.
- Gary Gygax, David Cook, and François Marcela-Froideval (1985). Oriental Adventures. (TSR, Inc), p. 92. ISBN 0-8803-8099-3.