An older term for the same territory was the Empires of the Sands.
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- Steven E. Schend (1997). Lands of Intrigue. (TSR, Inc). ISBN 0-7869-0697-9.
- Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), pp. 153–159. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
- Rand Sharpsword (June 2002). More of Waterdeep and Lands of Intrigue! (HTML). Rand's Travelogue. Wizards of the Coast. Archived from the original on 2015-09-20. Retrieved on 2010-10-31.