Year of Sunrise
of Serôs
−199 MR −24 CR 213 TR −1031 NR 3860 NY 71 TS
2137 MC −1357 PR 1251 75 419 2551

Example conversion between the years for 1 DR

Years (winters)[1] are referred to by names, each name consistent across the Realms. Each kingdom or city-state numbers years differently, usually to measure the reign of a dynasty or the current monarch, or since the founding of the country. The result is a hodgepodge of overlapping numbers that serve to confuse the ordinary person and frustrate the sage. The widespread differing year dates include the following:

Methods of reckoning[edit | edit source]

Dalereckoning (DR)[edit | edit source]

Dalereckoning is taken from the Year of Sunrise, 1 DR, when the Standing Stone was raised by the elves of Cormanthyr and the human Dalesfolk. Since this time, humans were permitted by the Elven Court to settle in the more open regions of the forests. In some texts, primarily those which do not have direct ties to Dales history, Dalereckoning is called Freeman's Reckoning (FR). The calendar is widely used in Faerûn but has not spread beyond its shores.[1][2]

Cormyr Reckoning (CR)[edit | edit source]

Cormyr Reckoning begins at the foundation of House Obarskyr, the dynasty that still rules that land. The 25-year gap between Cormyr Reckoning and Dalereckoning has caused much of the confusion regarding elder days. Timelines and calendars of the period often use DR designators, but place the founding of Cormyr at 1 DR instead of 26 DR. This is understandable, given that the two reckonings are from two nearby parties and spread by a third (the merchants of Sembia), but it causes learned sages to slam their heads violently against their desks trying to figure things out.[1][2]

Tethyreckoning (TR)[edit | edit source]

Tethyreckoning begins with Founding Year, Year 0 TR, in −212 DR, when Darrom Ithal of Clan Ithal retook the city of Myratma from the Calishites in the Battle of the Purple Marches and was crowned king of Tethyr by the clans. This dating system was rarely used outside of official legal documents in Tethyr.[3]

Northreckoning (NR)[edit | edit source]

Used in the City of Waterdeep, Northreckoning dates from the year Ahghairon became the first Lord of Waterdeep (1032 DR). A more archaic system called Waterdeep Years (WY) dates from the supposed first use of Waterdeep as a trading post. This reckoning is now largely abandoned except in ancient texts.[1][2]

Mulhorand Calendar (MC)[edit | edit source]

One of the oldest calendars in use in the Realms, this ancient scheme of record-keeping dates from the founding of Skuld, the City of Shadows, reputedly by a Mulhorandi god.[1][2]

Netheril Year Calendar (NY)[edit | edit source]

Used by the Netherese, it places 1 NY on −3859 DR, when several villages on the shore of the Narrow Sea combined for mutual protection, forming the Alliance of Seventon, which later became Netheril.[4] The Netheril Year calendar was created by Nether to celebrate the union.[5]

Present Reckoning (PR)[edit | edit source]

In an attempt to get a handle on the various number systems in use, a new type of reckoning has been implemented with the approval of such worthies as Khelben "Blackstaff" Arunsun of Waterdeep and Vangerdahast of Cormyr and carried abroad by the Harpers. All year-dates trace back to the Time of Troubles in the Year of Shadows, 1358 DR, as year 0.[6]

Kozakuran Calendar[edit | edit source]

The Kozakuran calendar began when the first human emperor, Mori, ascended to the throne.[7] In Dalereckoning this occurred in Year of Swift Courtships, −73 DR.[8] This calendar groups years into cycles rather than centuries. Each cycle last 60 years. Years can be shown in two ways; in cycles or cumulatively. For example the 23rd year in the 10th cycle could be shown as 10/23 or 563.[7]

Serôsian Calendar[edit | edit source]

The Timesongs of Serôs, used by many of the underwater-dwelling races of Faerûn, were created by the Lorekeeper Arkallus Vordahl and adopted by the shalarin and some merfolk in the Year of No Regrets, −69 DR, to mark the Third Passing of the shalarin. A year consisted of ten months or "songs" of 36 days each with a five-day (six, in leap years) festival added to complete the year.[9]

Shou Calendar[edit | edit source]

In Shou Lung the years are counted from the year that Nung Fu first ascended the throne as the Emperor. In Dalereckoning this occurred in −1250 DR.[2]

Untheric Calendar[edit | edit source]

The Untheric calendar began when Gilgeam, the God-King of Unther, ascended to the throne. It places 1 UC in −734 DR.[2]

Wa Calendar[edit | edit source]

The calendar of Wa began with year 1 being the beginning of the Goshukara dynasty. This corresponded to Shou year 833 or the Year of Harbor's Lights, −417 DR.[10]

Names of the Years[edit | edit source]

Augathra the Mad wrote a comprehensive list of the names of the years from the Year of Twelve Gods, −700 DR, to the Year of Unseen Enemies, 1600 DR, although it is widely believed that the roll of years was created by Alaundo of Candlekeep. Because some of the names of the years went missing, Alaundo replaced these with his own choices.[citation needed] Supposedly, the names given the years are prophecies made by Alaundo as to the most significant event of that year.[11] However, in hindsight, many of the year names have not yet been connected with any monumental or widely known event.[12]

Appendix[edit | edit source]

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Ed Greenwood, Julia Martin, Jeff Grubb (1993). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 2nd edition (revised), A Grand Tour of the Realms. (TSR, Inc), p. 22. ISBN 1-5607-6617-4.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Brian R. James, Ed Greenwood (September 2007). The Grand History of the Realms. Edited by Kim Mohan, Penny Williams. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 4. ISBN 978-0-7869-4731-7.
  3. Steven E. Schend (1997). Lands of Intrigue: Book One: Tethyr. (TSR, Inc.), p. 25. ISBN 0-7869-0697-9.
  4. slade, James Butler (November 1996). Netheril: Empire of Magic (The Winds of Netheril). (TSR, Inc.), p. 5. ISBN 0-7869-0437-2.
  5. Brian R. James, Ed Greenwood (September 2007). The Grand History of the Realms. Edited by Kim Mohan, Penny Williams. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7869-4731-7.
  6. Ed Greenwood, Julia Martin, Jeff Grubb (1993). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 2nd edition (revised), A Grand Tour of the Realms. (TSR, Inc), pp. 22–23. ISBN 1-5607-6617-4.
  7. 7.0 7.1 David "Zeb" Cook (1986). Swords of the Daimyo. (TSR, Inc), p. 16. ISBN 0-88038-273-2.
  8. Brian R. James, Ed Greenwood (September 2007). The Grand History of the Realms. Edited by Kim Mohan, Penny Williams. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 58. ISBN 978-0-7869-4731-7.
  9. Steven E. Schend (1999). Sea of Fallen Stars. (TSR, Inc), p. 62. ISBN 0-7869-1393-2.
  10. David "Zeb" Cook (1987). Blood of the Yakuza. (TSR, Inc), p. 4. ISBN 0-88038-401-8.
  11. Steven E. Schend (July 2006). Blackstaff. (Wizards of the Coast), p. ?. ISBN 978-0786940165.
  12. Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 78. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.