Mulhorand (pronounced: /məlˈhoʊrɑːnd/ muhl-HOH-rand) was one of the Old Empires in eastern Faerûn. The Mulhorandi were brought to Toril from Earth by the Imaskar Empire looking for some manpower. After countless praises, Ao contacted Ptah who led a part of the Mulhorandi pantheon to Toril. Ironically, their rival in the millennia to come was another human tribe captured by the Imaskari at the same time, which founded the empire of Unther.
Mulhorand was destroyed by the Spellplague and the empire of High Imaskar came to comprise its former territories. After the Chosen of the Mulhorandi gods appeared around the time of the Second Sundering, however, they and the wizard Nezram rallied the Mulan to overthrow the Imaskari once more, driving them into the Plains of Purple Dust.
People and cultureEdit
The populace of Mulhorand was primarily composed of humans of three primary ethnic factions: the Mulan, the Turami, and slaves from Thay known as Tethens. Other races proved hesitant to follow the Mulhorandi pantheon upon the nation's founding, and were exiled at that time; the non-human population remained low as a result. Mulhorand utilized a caste system with three social classes:
- Members of Mulhorand's nobility took positions in the nation's government, often as priests, wizards, or bureaucrats. These individuals shaved their heads and painted a series of one to three blue circles on their foreheads to indicate social standing and education.
- Middle Class
- Mulhorand's middle class was composed of landowners and craftsmen. Members of this social class were often wealthy, and were considered for marriages by members of the nobility as a result.
- The majority of people in Mulhorand fell into this category. Slaves were owned by the different clergies of the nation, and were guaranteed humane treatment by law. Despite this, the life of these individuals was a hard one, though less so than typically experienced by slaves in other nations.
The people of Mulhorand were arrogant individuals that considered themselves better than any rival nation. Law was paramount to the nation's citizens, and change was avoided whenever possible. The government was run by the clergies devoted to the deities of the Mulhorandi pantheon, with the church of Horus-Re being foremost in power. However, despite the peaceful existence these priests sought to create, the different priesthoods were plagued by infighting, bickering, and struggles. These conflicts occurred both within their individual orders and against those of other faiths.
After the reformation of Mulhorand in 1487 DR, the deities of the Mulhorandi pantheon set aside their differences and focused in rebuilding the country, leading to a peaceful existence between their clergies.
As a theocratic nation, clergy of the Mulhorandi deities were treated with great respect and honor. Priests expected special treatment from the community, and held authority in all matters; public prayers were performed daily. The wealthy Mulhorandi also spent time planning and constructing personal tombs, preparing for their deaths and their continued life thereafter.
Peoples native to Mulhorand spoke Mulhorandi, a language that remained largely true to the tongue spoken by the Mulan peoples upon their arrival to Faerûn. In its written form, it was composed of complex pictographs used to communicate ideas and concepts.
Mulhorand was located in an arid region stretching between the River of the Dawn in the north to the Lake of Salt in the south. The nation's western border was marked by the River of Swords, and it possessed no established border to the east. Its deserts, mountains, fields, and other geological features fell into four distinct divisions:
Bodies of WaterEdit
The Plains of Purple Dust were located in eastern Mulhorand. The faintly magical sands of this area were home to purple worms, nomads, and other hostile creatures. Connections to the Underdark were also common in this region. Raurin, the Dust Desert, was a wasteland hiding numerous ruins and forgotten magic. This region was also home to dragons and efreeti.
The River of the Dawn was Mulhorand's northernmost river and served as a boundary between the nations of Mulhorand and Thay. The River Rauthenflow had swift waters and could be found in northern Mulhorand, serving as a natural frontier between Mulhorand and Murghôm in the 15th century DR. The River of Shadows was named after the city of Skuld, which lay near the river's delta. The water from the River of Spears was used to irrigate the farmlands of the Great Vale. The River of Swords served as the border between the nations of Mulhorand and Unther in the years prior to the Spellplague, and, in the 15th century DR, between Mulhorand and Tymanther.
Skuld was the capital of Mulhorand. Skuld was also recognized as the oldest continually inhabited city in Faerûn. Gheldaneth was a port city that housed Mulhorand's Great University and the Wizard College. Sultim was Mulhorand's largest port, and the center of the worship of Anhur. Neldorild was relatively new (as of the 14th century DR) and was constantly growing. Its community served as a retreat for both the wealthy and retired. Mishtan was a town ruled by the church of Osiris. It served as the home of the Mulhorandi that worked to expand the nearby Land of the Dead.
Mulhorandi vessels were named after sea creatures or sea-related myths.
Arrival, slavery and freedomEdit
In response to a plague that killed much of its people, the Imaskar Empire captured over one hundred thousand humans through the use of two portals opened to another world. These portals were then closed and all connections between the two worlds were sealed; the captured peoples, now called the Mulan, were enslaved by the Imaskari.
The Imaskari barrier inhibited contact between the Mulan and their deities. However, Ao intervened and allowed mortal manifestations of these deities to bypass the barrier and enter Toril directly. The deities battled the Imaskari, eventually defeating them in the year −2488 DR. The divine manifestations founded the nation of Mulhorand in −2135 DR, as well as the rival nation of Unther in −2087 DR.
The Orcgate WarEdit
In the year −1081 DR the Theurgist Adept Thayd opened a portal to a world populated by gray orcs. Thayd was executed shortly after for inciting rebellion, and the portal remained forgotten until discovered by the orcs. In the year −1076 DR, the humanoids invaded Mulhorand and Unther, beginning what later became known as the Orcgate Wars.
The invading orcs possessed the ability to summon the avatars of their deities. The divine manifestations of the Mulhorandi and Untheric pantheons faced those of the orc pantheon in what later became known as the Battle of the Gods, a clash that resulted in the death of the Mulhorandi deity Re at the hands of Gruumsh in −1071 DR. The conflict continued until the Mulhorandi and Untheric pantheons allied to defeat the invading force in −1069 DR.
Decline and recoveryEdit
In the wake of the Orcgate Wars, Mulhorand began a prolonged decline in power. Its daughter states broke free and formed the nations of Murghôm, Semphar, and Thay. This decline continued until the Time of Troubles, at which time the Imaskari barrier was dissolved by Ao. The divine manifestations that had ruled for centuries rejoined their primary essences; Mulhorand was ruled by a true mortal king for the first time in its history. After a brief upheaval, the nation stabilized under the rule of the clergy.
In response to the death of Unther's manifest deity Gilgeam the Tyrant, the pharaoh, Horustep III, allowed the clerics of Anhur to cross the River of Swords and invade their long time rival nation. Assisted by a mercenary company, the Gold Swords, Mulhorand invaded Unther in 1371 DR. Although the initial invasion met with great success, fighting fell down to low-level skirmishes for years until 1379 DR, when the Mulhorandi launch one final wave of conquest, swallowing the weakened empire, ushering in the short-lived "Third Mulhorandi Empire".
No more than six years after the conquest of Unther, Mulhorand was destroyed by the Spellplague in 1385 DR. Many of the Mulan people were killed during the alteration of the landscape or transported to the world of Abeir, and the few survivors that remained in Toril fled to other lands such as Chessenta. The Mulhorandi pantheon vanished without a trace.
Mulhorand soon became completely devoid of civilization, and the Deep Imaskari wizard Ususi Manaallin founded the empire of High Imaskar on its former territories, with immigrants from Deep Imaskar comprising most of its citizenry.
The Mulhorandi rebellionEdit
In the wake of the Second Sundering, when the gods of Faerûn began to pick Chosen to enact their will, several mortal descendants of the old Mulhorandi gods found themselves possessed by their divine ancestors and immediately began a war against the Imaskari. With the help of Nezram the World-Walker, the returned deities and their Mulan servants won out, driving the Imaskari east into the desert and began the process to rebuild their old nation again.
- Scott Bennie (1990). Old Empires. (TSR, Inc). ISBN 0-8803-8821-8.
- Rand Sharpsword (2002-01-16). More Old Empires and Sembia!. Rand's Travelogue. Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved on 2010-10-31.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 184. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
- ↑ Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 31. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
- ↑ Scott Bennie (1990). Old Empires. (TSR, Inc), p. 20. ISBN 0-8803-8821-8.
- ↑ Scott Bennie (1990). Old Empires. (TSR, Inc), pp. 5–6. ISBN 0-8803-8821-8.
- ↑ Jeff Grubb, Ed Greenwood and Karen S. Martin (1987). Forgotten Realms Campaign Set (Cyclopedia of the Realms). (TSR, Inc), p. 65. ISBN 0-8803-8472-7.
- ↑ Richard Baker, Ed Bonny, Travis Stout (February 2005). Lost Empires of Faerûn. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 60. ISBN 0-7869-3654-1.
- ↑ Eric L. Boyd (1997). Powers and Pantheons. (TSR, Inc), p. 94. ISBN 0-7869-0657-X.
- ↑ Richard Baker, Ed Bonny, Travis Stout (February 2005). Lost Empires of Faerûn. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 61. ISBN 0-7869-3654-1.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Bruce R. Cordell, Ed Greenwood, Chris Sims (August 2008). Forgotten Realms Campaign Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 138. ISBN 978-0-7869-4924-3.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Kim Mohan ed. (2015). Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 12. ISBN 978-0786965809.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 Scott Bennie (1990). Old Empires. (TSR, Inc), p. 11. ISBN 0-8803-8821-8.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Scott Bennie (1990). Old Empires. (TSR, Inc), p. 12. ISBN 0-8803-8821-8.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Scott Bennie (1990). Old Empires. (TSR, Inc), p. 13. ISBN 0-8803-8821-8.
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 Scott Bennie (1990). Old Empires. (TSR, Inc), p. 14. ISBN 0-8803-8821-8.
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 184. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
- ↑ Steven E. Schend (1999). Sea of Fallen Stars. (TSR, Inc), p. 10. ISBN 0-7869-1393-2.
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 Scott Bennie (1990). Old Empires. (TSR, Inc), p. 15. ISBN 0-8803-8821-8.
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 Map included in Bruce R. Cordell, Ed Greenwood, Chris Sims (August 2008). Forgotten Realms Campaign Guide. (Wizards of the Coast). ISBN 978-0-7869-4924-3.
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 19.2 Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 185. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
- ↑ Steven E. Schend (1999). Sea of Fallen Stars. (TSR, Inc), p. 15. ISBN 0-7869-1393-2.
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 268. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
- ↑ Scott Bennie (1990). Old Empires. (TSR, Inc), p. 5. ISBN 0-8803-8821-8.
- ↑ Reynolds, Forbeck, Jacobs, Boyd (March 2003). Races of Faerûn. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 65. ISBN 0-7869-2875-1.
- ↑ 24.0 24.1 Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 186. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
- ↑ Brian R. James and Ed Greenwood (September, 2007). The Grand History of the Realms. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 159. ISBN 978-0-7869-4731-7.
- ↑ Erin M. Evans (October 4th, 2016). The Devil You Know. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 271. ISBN 978-0786965946.